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Last post we talked about my horrible eating habits as a child and my misconceptions on how to formulate an equine nutrition protocol. Remember hay is not just a side salad, it is the basis of a diet, and grain is not a meal, just a multivitamin. So with that in mind let’s think about how we should adjust the horse’s diet to alter the number of calories being fed. First we have to do some math. Let’s say your dressage horse was burns ~23,000 calories per day. To get all of those calories into him, you gave 14,990 calories a day in hay and an additional 8,010 calories a day in the form of a complete performance feed. This is a diet that meets your calories requirements and is balanced and complete in vitamins and minerals.

Now imagine what will happen when your horse enters retirement and trades in his days of half-passes and piaffe for light hacks and trail rides. Because of his decreased activity he is now only burning 16,500 calories per day. If you continue to feed his old diet he will surely get fat! So what do you do? How do you decrease the amount of calories while maintaining a complete and balanced diet?

Most people will say, “Just cut back on his grain.” This is both good and bad advice. It is good that most people recognize that if we are going to alter anything we should alter the grain and leave the hay (the uber important fiber source) alone. The bad thing about just cutting back on the amount grain is you’re not just cutting calories.

This brings us back to the multivitamin analogy. Let’s say you take a multivitamin that for some reason contains 1000 calories but you are looking to loose a little weight by cutting back on your calorie intake (and exercising, right?). If you cut that multivitamin in half you will save yourself 3500 calories a week, that’s enough to lose a whole pound! Great right? Wrong, because by cutting that multivitamin in half, you may be halving your calories but you are also halving the amount of vitamins and minerals you are ingesting…not ideal.

That’s the same thing we do to our horses by just cutting back on the amount of the same old grain. You can’t keep giving him the same amount of grain because of the calories but you want to make sure you are providing the right levels of the essential vitamins and minerals. And if you feed a 1,000 pound horse half of the recommended amount of feed (the amount of complete performance feed intended for a 500 pound horse) you will be giving half the calories, sure, but also be giving half the nutrients. So what can we do? Well what would you do if it were you and the 1,000-calorie vitamin? You’d get a new vitamin! Right?!?

And that’s exactly what we should do for our horses, don’t just give a smaller amount of the same grain, get a different grain, one that has a more appropriate level of calories for your horse’s needs. There are so many good product lines on the market that contain multiple options for a complete balanced feed for horses at different activity levels. Pick one that’s right for your horse. Find a feed that will only provide 1,500 calories but still 100% of the recommended vitamins and minerals. Reed the feeding recommendations, they tell you what class of horse the feed is intended for: Maintenance (the lawn art), Light Work, Heavy Work, Pregnant/Lactating. Make sure you are always providing a complete balanced diet to your horse; regardless of how many calories he needs to keep his waistline in check and keep him eating out of your hands.
 


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